63% of Vietnamese women suffering from at least one form of violence

Wednesday 15/07/2020 10:00

VGP - Around 63% of Vietnamese married women have experienced one or more forms of physical, sexual, emotional and economic violence and controlling behaviors by their husbands in their lifetime.


According to a survey carried by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), nearly two in three married women in Viet Nam have suffered at least one kind of domestic violence.

This is the second study conducted in Viet Nam, which enables a better understanding of what has changed since the first study in 2010, as well as what has not, and what needs to be in place for strengthening gender equality and ending gender-based violence in Viet Nam.

Percentage of women suffering from forms of violence slightly decreases

Speaking at the event, MOLISA’s Deputy Minister Nguyen Thi Ha said the percentage of women suffering from these forms of violence has decreased slightly and positive change is clearly seen among young women who did not endure and showed their strength in fighting against violence, and women who have higher education are less likely to experience violence.

Ending violence against women and girls is one of the three transformative results that UNFPA has pledged to achieve worldwide, said Naomi Kitahara, UNFPA Representative in Viet Nam.

Australian Ambassador to Viet Nam Robyn Mudie said that Australia is deeply committed to ending gender-based violence, adding that they have supported this study because it leads us all to acknowledge just how many lives are affected by violence, coercive control and harassment.

UNFPA Representative Naomi Kitahara suggested working to create a world where both women and men, and girls and boys, can enjoy a life free from violence and recommending Viet Nam for its commitment to achieving this vision.

Key findings from the 2019 study

The 2019 study has three parts: a quantitative survey, conducted by GSO; a qualitative study by the Center for Creative Initiatives in Health and Population (CCIHP); and an economic costing of violence by international experts commissioned by UNFPA.

Nearly 6,000 women aged 15 to 64 were interviewed, with the results showing that most of the violence against women in Viet Nam is perpetrated by their husbands or partners.

The study also shows that with the exception of sexual violence, the prevalence of different types of violence against women, perpetrated by husbands, was slightly lower in 2019 than in 2010, and positive change may be happening among younger women.

In addition, the report estimated that violence against women cost Viet Nam an estimated 1.8% of its gross domestic product (GDP) in 2018.

In Viet Nam, women were more likely to be abused by their husbands than by any other perpetrators.

Nearly one in ten or 9% women experienced non-partner sexual violence since age 15. Almost all of this was perpetrated by males who were not family members (e.g. a male stranger, friend or acquaintance; a recent acquaintance; or someone at work).

Violence against women remains very much hidden. Half of women who experienced violence by husbands had never told anyone. Almost all women (90.4%) who experienced physical and/or sexual violence from husbands did not seek any help from formal service providers.

Children are also victims when living in violent environments. Of the women who experienced physical violence by a husband, 61.4% disclosed that their children witnessed or otherwise overheard the violence. Women who experienced physical and/or sexual violence by their husbands were more likely to say their children (5-12 years) had behavioral problems.

Violence against women has a wide range of health impacts or consequences. One in four women (23.3%) who were physically and/or sexually abused by their husbands had physical injuries. Pregnant women are also at risk of violence from their husbands.

Violence is a learned behavior. Women victims of violence are more likely to have a husband whose mother was beaten or who was himself beaten as a child.

By Thuy Dung



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