Number of alive HIV carriers in VN ranks third in Southeast Asia

Friday 04/12/2020 14:58

VGP – Viet Nam recorded 230,000 alive HIV carriers in 2019, ranking third in Southeast Asia, said the representative of the Viet Nam Administration for AIDS Control, under the Ministry of Health. 

The proportion of HIV transmission among population aging from 15-49 was 0.3%, ranking fifth among nations in the region. 

Since the first case detected in 1990 in Ho Chi Minh City, as of August 31, a total number of 213,000 alive HIV carriers were reported in the nation while 107,812 AIDS-related deaths were announced. 

Each year, the country has recorded 11,000 new HIV carriers and 2,800 deaths of AIDS. HIV transmissions mainly focus in the Southeastern and the Mekong Delta regions. 

The proportion of female HIV carriers tended to slightly decrease during 1990-2015 but it has risen over the recent years, reaching 72.2% by August 31, 2020. 

In the first eight months of 2020, 7,090 new HIV carriers were uncovered and 1,392 deaths of HIV carriers were reported. 

New HIV carriers are aged from 16-39 (45%) and 30-39 (31%). They were transmitted through unsafe sexual behaviors (76.4%), blood (11.9%) and mother-to-child (1.1%). 

Globally, 38.0 million [31.6–44.5 million] people were living with HIV at the end of 2019. An estimated 0.7% [0.6-0.9%] of adults aged 15–49 years worldwide are living with HIV, although the burden of the epidemic continues to vary considerably between countries and regions.

UNAIDS reported that in 2018, there were an estimated 310,000 new HIV infections in the Asia-Pacific, bringing the total number living with HIV/AIDS in the region to 5.9 million.

In 2018, approximately 200,000 people died from AIDS-related illnesses in the region, a 24% decline in deaths since 2010, but in some countries—including Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Pakistan, and the Philippines—AIDS-related deaths have increased.

Access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the region increased from 17% in 2010 to 54% in 2018, when approximately 3.2 million people had access to ART. However, this falls below the treatment access levels globally (62%). 

Large numbers of people living with HIV in the Asia-Pacific, including 22% of HIV-positive children under age 15, still do not have access to ART. Only 56% of HIV-positive pregnant women in Asia have access to the antiretroviral medicines needed to prevent mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV.

By Thuy Dung

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